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Head of Government: Albert Pintat Santolària (2005) Chiefs of State (Coprinces): Frederic de Saint-Sernin for France and Nemesi Marques Oste for Spain Total area: 174 sq mi (451 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 83,888 (growth rate: 1.1%); birth rate: 10.3/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.7/1000; life expectancy: 82.51; density per sq mi: 412 Capital and

GeographyAndorra is nestled high in the Pyrénées Mountains on the French-Spanish border. GovernmentA parliamentary coprincipality composed of the bishop of Urgel (Spain) and the president of France. Their representatives are listed above. The principality was internationally recognized as a sovereign state in 1993. HistoryAn autonomous and semi-independent coprincipality,

Total area: 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km) Population (2009 est.): 34,178,188 (growth rate: 1.2%); birth rate: 16.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 27.7/1000; life expectancy: 74.2; density per sq mi: 36 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Algiers, 3,917,000 (metro. area), 1,742,800 (city proper) Other large cities: Oran,

In April 2007, about 35 people were killed and hundreds wounded when suicide bombers attacked a government building in Algiers and a police station on the outskirts of the capital. Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb claimed responsibility for the attack. The terrorist group struck again in December, killing as many as 60 people in two suicide attacks near UN offices and

In April 2004 presidential elections, praised by international monitors for their fairness, incumbent Bouteflika won 85% of the vote. Bouteflika stated that his second term would be devoted to solving the three-year-old crisis in the Berber region of Kabylia, freeing women from restrictive family codes, and bringing about "true national reconciliation" caused by the civil war.

The fundamentalist Islamic Salvation Front (Front Islamique du Salut; FIS) won the largest number of votes in the country's first-ever parliamentary elections in Dec. 1991. To thwart the electoral results, the army canceled the general election, which plunged the country into a bloody civil war. An estimated 100,000 people have been massacred by Islamic terrorists since war

GeographyNearly four times the size of Texas, Algeria is bordered on the west by Morocco and Western Sahara and on the east by Tunisia and Libya. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north, and to the south are Mauritania, Mali, and Niger. The Saharan region, which is 85% of the country, is almost completely uninhabited. The highest point is Mount Tahat in the Sahara, which rises

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