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President: José Eduardo dos Santos (1979)

Prime Minister: Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos (2003) 

Total area: 481,350 sq mi (1,246,699 sq km)

Population (2009 est.): 12,799,293 (growth rate: 2.0%); birth rate: 43.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 180.2/1000; life expectancy: 38.2; density per sq mi: 25

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Luanda, 2,297,200

Other large cities: Huambo, 171,000; Lubango, 136,000

Monetary unit: New Kwanza

National name: Republica de Angola

Languages: Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Ethnicity/race: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Religions: Indigenous 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)

Literacy rate: 67.4% (2001 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $80.95 billion; per capita $6,500. Real growth rate: 16.3%. Inflation: 12.5%. Unemployment: extensive unemployment and underemployment affecting more than half the population (2001 est.). Arable land: 2.65%. Agriculture: bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish. Labor force: 6.573 million; agriculture 85%, industry and services 15% (2007 est.). Industries: petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair. Natural resources: petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium. Exports: $43.23 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): crude oil, diamonds, refined petroleum products, gas, coffee, sisal, fish and fish products, timber, cotton. Imports: $11.41 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.): machinery and electrical equipment, vehicles and spare parts; medicines, food, textiles, military goods. Major trading partners: U.S., China, Taiwan, France, Chile (2006)

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 98,200 (2006); mobile cellular: 2.264 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AAM 21, FM 6, shortwave 7 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 6 (2000). Internet hosts: 3,337 (2007). Internet users: 85,000 (2005).

Transportation: Railways: total: 2,761 km (2006).  

Highways: total: 51,429 km; paved: 5,349 km; unpaved: 46,080 km (2001).  

Waterways: 1,300 km (2007). 

Ports and harbors: Cabinda, Luanda, Soyo.  

Airports: 232 (2007).

International disputes: many Cabinda exclave secessionists have sought shelter in neighboring states


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